|Medications For Treating Infant Reflux and Pediatric GERD|
If lifestyle modifications alone are unsuccessful in controlling reflux then medication will likely be the next step. Listed below are the different types of medication used to treat reflux or GERD, (where possible the generic name will be listed in brackets).
Simply put, these neutralize acid in the stomach. Antacids do not decrease acid production, rather work by temporarily neutralizing the acid that is in the stomach at the time they are taken. They work quickly but do not have long lasting effects.
MORE INFORMATION ABOUT ANTACIDS >
These medications work by protecting the esophagus and stomach lining. There are two medications in this class of drug and each work in different ways.
MORE INFORMATION ABOUT CYTOPROTECTIVE AGENTS >
Acid Blockers (Histamine Receptor Antagonists)
Also called H2 blockers, this class of drug works to block acid production by stopping histamine from binding to H2 receptors.
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Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPI's)
Proton pump inhibitors or PPI's are thought to be the most effective medication for treating acid reflux and GERD. They work by almost completely shutting down acid pumps in the stomach.
MORE INFORMATION ABOUT PROTON PUMP INHIBITORS >
Motility Agents (Prokinetics)
Prokinetics work by moving food through digestive system faster. The rationale behind using prokinetics for treating reflux is simply that the faster food travels out of the stomach, the less chance there is for it to be refluxed.
MORE INFORMATION ABOUT MOTILITY AGENTS >
They are prescribed assuming that colic is due to abdominal cramps or spasms due to an overactive gastro-colic reflex, which has yet to be proven.
MORE INFORMATION ON ANTISPASMODICS >
Very few of the drugs used on babies and children for treating GERD have been FDA approved to do so. When a drug is used for something other than it's FDA approved usage, it's referred to as "off-label".
|Infant Reflux and GERD Info|
|Feeding and Growth|
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Site Last Modified: April 2009
*Disclaimer:The information available on this website should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care for the prevention, diagnosis, or treatment of your child's reflux. Please consult with your child's doctor or pharmacist before trying any medication (prescription or OTC) or following any treatment plan mentioned. This information is provided only to help you be as informed as possible about your child's condition.